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what is the best orientation for a home

When buying a home, we must take into account many factors, such as its price, location, size, the age of the home, nearby services, the neighborhood, etc. However, there is one aspect that buyers tend to overlook most of the time, it is the best orientation of a home.

Despite being the great forgotten, orientation is one of the main parameters that an architect takes into account when designing a home , since the entrance of light and heat to the house from the sun will depend on it

Why the orientation of a home is decisive

There are multiple reasons why orientation plays a decisive and fundamental role in a home. The rooms visually gain in amplitude and seem more welcoming if they are well lit: a house that receives light and solar radiation provides its inhabitants with a better quality of life and well-being than a gloomy one.

At the same time , a well-oriented home has a direct reflection on energy savings, since it can lead to savings of over 70% in air conditioning and lighting consumption. This is because both air conditioning and heating systems depend largely on factors such as light and heat provided by the sun. So it is paramount to increase the energy efficiency of a home .

Taking into account everything that we have just explained, it is time to consider what is the best orientation for our home. But it is not a simple answer, since countless parameters influence. The best orientation of a home depends on aspects such as the area in which it is located, the use that we are going to give it, it depends on the plant on which it is located, our tastes and customs, our lifestyle, etc. .

But, if we only take into account the optimization of energy consumption, the use of solar radiation and well-being inside, some recommendations can be followed before choosing a certain orientation or another.

Choosing the orientation of our house well is therefore a fundamental aspect. Gilmar real estate consultants advise us and help us throughout the process of searching for and buying a home that meets all the conditions we are looking for. In addition to guiding us on the most appropriate orientation based on our needs and tastes.

If we take into account that our country is located in the northern hemisphere, we will find pros and cons in each orientation, let’s see below some of the most significant.

South orientation

The south orientation is ideal if the house is located in a place with a cold climate and long winters. This is due to the fact that in south-facing houses, the sun reaches them throughout the day throughout practically the whole year. In this way, energy consumption can be reduced by up to 33%.

At the same time, the south orientation provides the spaces with great light. This means that very cozy and warm atmospheres are created within the home.

In temperate or even hot climates, facing south is also a good option, as it allows you to make the most of light and solar radiation, essential for knowing how to choose the best lighting for each room. Although it is true that in this type of climate it will be convenient to use horizontal awnings or eaves to avoid excess radiation in summer.

It is also a good option for large rooms, such as living rooms, dining rooms and large bedrooms, since the heat captured during the day will be released at night.

  • Southeast Orientation: In very hot areas, this orientation is more recommended than the south. In winter radiation is received all day, especially in the morning, but in summer from midday the level of radiation received is lower.
  • Southwest orientation: With direct radiation in the afternoons of the winter months. In hot climates you can experience excessive heating of the house after noon.

Advantages of North orientation

North orientation also offers a number of advantages, although many do not consider it the best orientation for a home. The main advantage of this orientation is that it provides homogeneous lighting throughout the day.

The spaces do not suffer the direct incidence of sunlight, except in the morning and in the afternoon in summer, so it is the best possible orientation for homes located in hot climates. It is also an excellent option for workplaces such as offices and offices.

  • Northeast Orientation: In winter direct solar radiation is not received throughout the day and in summer only in the mornings. It is a very good orientation for garages, storage rooms or other areas of the house with minor importance and use.
  • Northwest Orientation: In winter solar radiation is not received throughout the day and in summer only from the afternoon.

East facing

Its main attraction lies in the fact that the incidence of the sun is limited to the mornings , so the rooms facing east will always be illuminated until noon. This allows them to accumulate heat that is gradually released during the afternoon, which will result in considerable energy savings.

This orientation is an alternative to facing south, especially if you live in hot climates. In cold climates, the house will be warm in the mornings but the nights will be cooler.

West facing

This orientation offers various advantages depending on the climate of the place where we live. With this orientation , the sun shines from noon to sunset during the hottest hours, so it is ideal for areas with a cold climate, but it is not recommended at all if we live in very hot areas.

Conclusions on which is the best orientation for a home

As a conclusion we can say that, in the northern hemisphere, the south orientation is the one that receives the most light and radiation. In contrast, the north orientation only receives some radiation in summer. The east and west orientations are very good alternatives to the south, the west for cold climates and the east for hot climates.

In the southern hemisphere, just the opposite occurs. For these reasons, in the northern hemisphere it is best to orient our home to the east, south and west, even in warm areas. A good orientation for a home would then be to orient the bedrooms and kitchen to the east, the living areas such as the dining room and lounges to the south, the bathrooms to the west and the offices, pantries and garages to the north.

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