Defining the floors that we are going to place in the different spaces of the house can face a few dilemmas: we want them to be beautiful, but “long-suffering”; we need them not to be slippery or too “cold”; that look cute but tolerate a high traffic . It is not easy. That is why it is important to find out a little and know what types of floors are ideal for each environment in the home.
Choosing what to put in each environment deserves to take a while and prevent mistakes. It is expensive to buy this coating and to install it too: it is also quite a work. We share some tips to choose better.
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What are the different types of floors
When looking for the right coating, we must ask ourselves two central questions: what material we would like and for what type of environment. It is very important to take into account the use and some basic questions: how busy it will be, how often it will be cleaned, how long we expect it to last and how long it will be exposed to humidity or water and the sun, among other things.
There are many options, and not only for its materials (wood, marble, stone, porcelain, tiles, smoothed cement and several more), but also for the different motifs, tones and colors. Let’s see.
Wood is one of the noblest materials that exist and is a popular option for its durability and functionality. They can be easily combined with furniture and wall colors and bring warmth to cold and impersonal environments.
Thanks to the laminates, its cleaning and maintenance are easy, which allows the wood to offer high resistance to the passage of time.
It is important to know the different types of wood in terms of its color, grain and finish to define what is appropriate for each environment:
- Eucalyptus : very light yellowish color and acceptable hardness, the sunlight alters it very little. In Argentina it is a very popular option because it is a local wood.
- Oak: light in color, slightly pinkish, and highly resistant, it tends to darken slightly in sunlight.
- Viraró: light reddish brown in color, it tolerates wear thanks to its high degree of hardness. It is ideal for high traffic. It darkens in sunlight. It is used in decks and exteriors because it resists the elements well.
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They provide different options and are characterized by their heaviness and durability. They are waterproof, which means that they can be used in any environment of the house, even outdoors.
Pre-cured rustic ceramic tiles are the most common. They come in standard sizes and are easy to attach to an adhesive on the material’s subfloor. They have an unglazed coating and are resistant. They look great in the kitchen, in the bathroom and also shine in barbecue areas and galleries.
On the other hand, bilayer ceramics are an economical option, resistant to traffic and wear due to their enamelled upper layer.
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Porcelain tiles are undoubtedly the main protagonists of today’s homes. Its manufacture allows large plates to be made, which are ideal in large environments. They are extremely waterproof, as they are generally enamelled (matte, glossy or satin), and they repel moisture and grease.
Many pieces imitate the most recognized natural stones, such as those of Carrara or Calacatta, among others. Smoothed concrete imitation plates also triumph, which have the advantage that on large surfaces they do not suffer the classic cracks that concrete floors do. And on the other hand, the increasingly successful imitations of wooden boards have managed to earn a place.
Cement and concrete floors
Polished cement, smoothed cement and concrete coatings have gained ground thanks to their historical waterproofing and their renewed finishes, which achieve very modern and much warmer aspects than their traditional versions.
Today in the market there are many colors available, in addition to textures and finishes that make these materials look great in minimalist interiors , stripped-down environments, recycled homes, lofts, industrial, contemporary or Zen decor. It is used a lot in Nordic decoration .
Here it is necessary to stop to consider some differences. While cement and concrete are modern, durable and strong, the second is a concrete slab at least 7 centimeters thick, which can be finished with different levels of smoothing.
Vinyl, PVC and floating coatings are very useful in some environments, such as children’s bedrooms, laundry rooms and utility rooms. They are very easy to clean and resistant to moisture and water.
They have been a trend for years because they are an inexpensive and practical way to have a floor that looks like wood -or mosaic or ceramic- but costs much less and is easy to install.
They are great for covering an old tile or a ruined floor because they can be easily applied over other coatings.
Another advantage is that they are a good thermal and electrical insulator. One cons: they look less natural.
Which is the best for each environment
Each room in our house has a different use and, therefore, an ideal floor for its function. It is not only the one that allows us to complete the style and atmosphere that we want to create for that space, but also the one that allows us to use it with comfort and practicality.
The apartment is, without a doubt, an important protagonist of each environment. Some keys to choose well:
The kitchen is a space that has very particular uses, and that in general is sanitized with specific products, such as degreasers and lavandines. It is recommended to choose materials that are not affected by humidity or by direct contact with water, such as ceramics or porcelain tiles. Woods are not recommended in the kitchen because they stain a lot.
As for the colors and motifs, those that are too white or too dark require more frequent cleaning because they leave any stain or dirt more exposed.
Without a doubt, the living room or living room is the environment that gives us the most freedom when choosing the floor. Wood and floats look great because they are warm and have a good temperature.
Depending on the type of general home decoration, we can choose cold but elegant and / or stately materials, such as the marble floor or the granite floor or some porcelain that imitates them.
Smoothed cement combined with wood is also being used a lot.
Here comfort must go hand in hand with aesthetic aspects. Cold materials can be extremely unpleasant in winter when during the early morning one must get out of bed barefoot to go to the bathroom, for example.
For the decoration of the room, wood (the famous parquet , which never loses its validity and generates environments of enormous warmth), the floating wooden floor or the laminate floor are usually ideal .
Of course, the type of heating will be important when defining the floor. If we have underfloor heating, the options can be as varied as in the living room.
Stone coatings are widely used, because they are very durable and are very beautiful, as well as not requiring much care. They are a widely used alternative also on sidewalks.
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